Mine Name: Jumma [formerly All Nations]
Brief description of impact/history:
The former Jumna (All Nations) tin mine is located just west of Cairns, northern Queensland. The project operated from 1972 to 1989 – in the ‘modern’ era of environmental regulation. Although only a moderate mine in scale, it’s severe acid mine drainage (AMD) lives on as an ongoing environmental pollution legacy.
The water in the (poorly rehabilitated) tailings dam had a strongly acidic pH of 2.9, while another adjacent pond had pH 2.7.
Bernd G. Lottermoser, Paul M. Ashley, 2010, Trace element uptake by Eleocharis equisetina (spike rush) in an abandoned acid mine tailings pond, northeastern Australia: Implications for land and water reclamation in tropical regions Original Research Article. Environmental Pollution, Volume 159, Issue 10, October 2011, pages 3028-3035. Bernd G. Lottermoser, Paul M. Ashley, 2006, Mobility and retention of trace elements in hardpan-cemented cassiterite tailings, north Queensland, Australia. Environmental Geology, Volume 50, pages 835-846.